Enfermedades emergentes y cambio climático frente al desarrollo del sector ganadero en África subsahariana

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Francisco José Márquez
Julia Márquez–Constán

Resumen

Las actividades primarias relacionadas con la agricultura y la ganadería representan la columna vertebral de la economía de la mayoría de los países africanos, empleando un amplio porcentaje de la población activa total. El sector ganadero es susceptible a la variabilidad climática extrema pudiendo verse seriamente afectado por el cambio climático y los efectos del mismo en los sistemas de producción ganadera, que se reflejarán particularmente en la endemicidad de las enfermedades emergentes y reemergentes, entre las que destacan las enfermedades transmitidas por vectores, ya sean insectos (distintas arbovirosis y las tripanosomiasis), como las transmitidas por garrapatas (esporozoos de los géneros Theileria y Babesia, organismos rickettsiales como son Anaplasma y Cowdria, así como los virus Crimea-Congo y el de la fiebre porcina africana). Distintos tipos de vectores y las enfermedades que transmiten constituyen un desafío importante para la salud del ganado y la producción ganadera en África subsahariana.

Palabras clave:
África , Enfermedades emergentes , Cambio climático , Garrapatas , Dípteros , Ganadería

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Márquez, F., & Márquez–Constán, J. (2022). Enfermedades emergentes y cambio climático frente al desarrollo del sector ganadero en África subsahariana. Revista De Fomento Social, (304), 319-346. https://doi.org/10.32418/rfs.2022.304.5222
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